Easy types of hack allow hackers to acquire sensitive information you may not want to share. Protecting yourself online may require familiarity with common hacking methods like phishing, distributed denial of service attacks, clickjacking, etc. Because of this, it’s important to know the common hacks used to steal sensitive information.
Top 10 Common types of hack You Should Know About
Bait and Switch – most dangerous types of hack
Bait and switch is one of the types of hack in which the hacker pays for advertising space on a target website before launching the attack. It may take a user to a malicious website after clicking on the ad. That opens the door for even more malware or adware to be installed on your computer. Since the adverts and download links displayed using this strategy are so attractive, users are expected to interact with them.
The hacker can execute a malicious program while the user thinks they are using a safe one. With this method, the hacker gains access to your computer after installing a malicious program.
Cookie theft – types of hack
The browser’s cookies remember information about us, including the sites we visit and the pages we look at, as well as login credentials. With your cookie in hand, a hacker can impersonate you on a browser. One frequent method of carrying out this attack is redirecting a victim’s IP packets through the attacker’s system.
Sidejacking, also called Session Hijacking, is an attack you can easily carry out if the user isn’t using SSL (HTTPS) during the session. It is vital that sites where your password and financial information are entered, have encrypted connections.
UI Redress is another name for ClickJacking. The attacker in this scheme hides the target’s intended click target on the user interface. This frequently occurs on media-sharing platforms, torrent sites, and app stores. While most businesses do this to earn money from advertisements, others may do it to steal your identity.
To put it another way, in this form of hacking, the attacker manipulates the victim’s browser so that any links they click on take them to a page that the hacker has chosen for you to see. When people click on the malicious link, they are fooled into acting.
Virus, Trojan, etc. – Common types of hack
Computer viruses and Trojan horses are malicious programs that steal sensitive data once installed on a victim’s computer and send it back to the hacker regularly. They can encrypt your files, show you fake ads, reroute your traffic, spy on your data, and infect any computer on the network.
Malware, worms, trojans, and so on all have unique characteristics, and it is possible to learn more by comparing and contrasting them.
Phishing is a type of hacking when the perpetrator creates a fake version of a popular website and uses it to trick users into sharing their personal information. When combined with other forms of social engineering, it creates a highly effective and widespread threat.
The spyware on the phony site steals the user’s credentials the moment they try to log in or enter information, allowing the hacker to access their account. Hackers used phishing using iCloud and Gmail accounts in the “Fappening” affair, which involved several female Hollywood celebrities.
Eavesdropping (Passive Attacks)
A hacker can obtain potentially damaging information by watching over a system or network instead of actively attacking it.
Eavesdropping isn’t done to cause harm but to learn something without being caught. This class of hackers can compromise any electronic contact method, including email, IM, phone, and web. Black hat hackers, government entities, etc., are typical offenders of this nature.
A malicious hacker can play a joke by using malware to imitate a wireless access point. This WAP links to the main WAP for the area. Like in the previous illustration, once you connect to the fake WAP, a hacker will have access to your data.
Simply using basic software and a wireless network is one of the easiest hacks possible. Anybody may set up a WAP with an official name, like “Heathrow Airport WiFi” or “Starbucks WiFi,” and then start spying on you. An excellent method of defense against such attacks is to use a VPN.
Such types of hack attacks from watering holes may strike a chord with you if you’re a big fan of the Discovery or National Geographic channels. In this case, the hacker poisons a location by aiming for the easiest point of entry for the victim.
If a river is poisoned upstream, the health of downstream animals will suffer throughout the warm season. Similarly, hackers look for the most populated area to assault. A restaurant, cafeteria, or similar establishment could serve this purpose.
An attacker who has learned your schedule can use this information to create a phony wireless access point. With this knowledge, they can alter your most frequented site and gain access to your private data. It’s more challenging to pinpoint the origin of this assault because it gathers user data in a specific area. Keeping your software and operating system up to date is one of the greatest ways to defend yourself from such hacking attacks, along with adhering to basic security rules.
Denial of Service (DoS\DDoS)
One way hackers can knock down a website or server is through a Denial of Service attack, in which the attacker floods the target with so many requests that it crashes.
In this popular assault, the attacker sends a flood of requests to the victim’s computer to wear it down to the point where it can’t handle legitimate requests.
In a distributed denial of service attacks, hackers will use compromised computer networks to bombard your network with requests. The frequency of distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks is increasing annually due to the increasing complexity of both software and hacker groups.
The term “keylogger” refers to any software that can secretly record all keystrokes and key sequences into a log file. It might store your email addresses and passwords in these log files. Capturing the keyboard can refer to either software or hardware. Hardware keyloggers spy on users through their keyboards, electromagnetic emissions, smartphone sensors, etc., whereas software keyloggers infiltrate computers.
The use of virtual keyboards is increasingly common among online banking services as a means of thwarting keyloggers. This means you must be extra careful when using a computer in a public place.